Why test for use of illegal drugs?
1. Attention Deficit Disorder is a potentially disabling disorder of the brain. To overcome this and succeed, you should be committed to doing whatever it takes. You should find ways to avoid distraction, prevent procrastination, do your best in education, and never use illegal drugs.
2. Illegal drugs (and legal drugs used in illegal ways) can potentially damage your brain. It is now known that marijuana damages six specific areas of the brain. Alcohol causes a thinning of the gray matter of brain. Other drugs can damage the emotional and intellectual processing areas of the brain. If you take medication to help improve your ability to pay attention and learn, it makes no sense whatsoever to use substances that can damage your brain.
3. The Department of Homeland Security, Department of Defense, and the Drug Enforcement Administration have targeted the sale and use of illegal drugs as a serious threat to the United States. The federal government has devoted resources to discover and prosecute those are believed to be guilty of importing or distributing illegal drugs.
4. The Drug Enforcement Administration assists local law enforcement in the arrest, prosecution, and imprisonment of medical doctors that they believe prescribe narcotics and other controlled (potentially addictive) drugs to illegal drug users. In Florida v Graves, a Milton, Florida physician was found guilty of 4 counts of manslaughter, as well as racketeering and drug charges, and sentenced to nearly 63 years in prison. The DEA has access to pharmacy records. Law enforcement can get medical records if a physician is being investigated for a crime.
5. The Drug Enforcement Administration has stated that the use of drug screens is an appropriate measure to help prevent illegal use of drugs (see Department of Justice; Drug Enforcement Administration; 21 CFR Part 1306; Dispensing Controlled Substances for the Treatment of Pain; Notice Issuance of Multiple Prescriptions for Schedule II Controlled Substances; Proposed Rule; Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 172 / Wednesday, September 6, 2006 / Notices).
What is tested in the urine drug screen?
The most common urine drug screen tests for Amphetamines, Barbiturates, Cocaine metabolites, Marijuana metabolites, Opiates, and Phencyclidine (PCP). Some drug screens test for Benzodiazepines or Methamphetamine instead of Barbiturates or Phencyclidine.
The drug screen must be completed within 5 days after it is issued. If the drug screen is not completed within 5 days, then no further controlled drugs will be prescribed unless a drug screen is negative.
What happens if the drug screen is positive?
Additional controlled drugs will not be prescribed. After one month, another drug screen will be given. If the second drug screen is positive, then controlled drugs will not be prescribed until substance abuse counseling is completed. Upon completion of substance abuse counseling, the controlled drug may be prescribed if urine drug screens are negative. If a third drug screen is negative, no further services will be given.